Tribal Nations in Minnesota

Below are 11 reservations where Anishinabe and Dakota live in Minnesota and the 2 that are just across the border in Wisconsin from where camp occurs.  This information was gleaned from https://mn.gov/indianaffairs/tribes.html, http://www.judicare.org/Content/Wisconsin_Tribes__Organizations.cfm, and tribal websites.

The term reservation or community is used when referring to the different tribal nations because that is the term that is used on the websites I consulted.  I have heard the terms tribes, communities, reservations, and nations used. At a recent action at a public utilities commission hearing on a proposed pipeline, one native person said they were really established as concentration camps.  She also said that it is important to add nation to whatever term is used to emphasize the sovereign nature of each of these communities.

Research compiled by Paul Eaves, who also compiled a reading list.

In Minnesota, there are seven Anishinaabe or Ojibwe reservations and four Dakota (Sioux) communities.

The Bois Forte Reservation is located in northern Minnesota in Koochiching and St. Louis counties, approximately 40 miles south of the Canadian border. The tribal headquarters are in Nett Lake, Minnesota.  http://www.boisforte.com/

The Fond du Lac Reservation is located in Carlton and St. Louis counties in Northern MN near the City of Cloquet on the east, and 15 miles west of Duluth. The tribal headquarters are in Cloquet, Minnesota.  http://www.fdlrez.com/

The Grand Portage Reservation is located in Cook County in the extreme northeast corner of Minnesota, approximately 150 miles from Duluth. It is bordered on the north by Canada, on the south and east by Lake Superior and on the west by Grand Portage State Forest. http://www.grandportage.com/

The Leech Lake Reservation is located in north central Minnesota in the counties of Beltrami, Cass, Hubbard, and Itasca. The tribal headquarters is in Cass Lake, Minnesota. http://www.llojibwe.com/

The White Earth Reservation is located in the northwestern Minnesota. It encompasses all of Mahnomen County and portions of Becker, and Clearwater Counties. The reservation is located 68 miles east of Fargo and 225 miles northwest of Minneapolis/St. Paul. The Tribal headquarters is located in White Earth, Minnesota.   http://www.whiteearth.com/

The Red Lake Nation is located in the northern Minnesota almost totally within Beltrami County with a small portion in Clearwater County. The Red Lake “line” is about 25 miles north of Bemidji.

http://www.redlakenation.org/

The Mille Lacs Reservation is located in east central Minnesota, 100 miles north of Minneapolis/St. Paul. The tribal headquarters is near Onamia, Minnesota. http://www.millelacsojibwe.org/

Dakota

The Lower Sioux Indian Community is located on the south side of the Minnesota River at the site of the U.S. Indian Agency and the Bishop Whipple Mission, a part of the original reservation established in the 1851 Treaty. It is in Redwood County, two miles south of Morton and six miles east of Redwood Falls.  http://www.lowersioux.com/

The Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux community is located just west of Minneapolis.  Its tribal headquarters are in Prior Lake, MN. http://www.shakopeedakota.org/

The Upper Sioux Reservation tribal headquarters is located five miles south of Granite Falls, Minnesota, on the Minnesota River in Yellow Medicine County. The reservation is 115 miles west of Minneapolis.  http://www.uppersiouxcommunity-nsn.gov/

The Prairie Island Indian Community is located on an island in the Mississippi River 14 miles north of Red Wing and 30 miles southeast of St. Paul. The tribal headquarters is located near Welch, Minnesota and has members mainly of the Mdewankanton Band.   http://www.millelacsojibwe.org/

The Mendota Mdewakanton Dakota Tribal Community is a federally unrecognized tribe that is a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving the Dakota culture and heritage.  It is located in Mendota Heights, MN. mendotadakota.com/mn

2 Wisconsin Anishinaabe Reservations Across the Border from Camp

Lac Courte Oreilles (LCO) Band of Lake Superior Chippewa is located near Hayward, Wisconsin.  http://www.lco-nsn.gov/

The St. Croix Reservation, located in western Wisconsin, is non-contiguous.  The St. Croix Tribe consists of eleven communities located throughout four counties:  Barron, Burnett, Douglas, and Polk. http://www.stcciw.com/

Ho-Chunk Nation

The Ho-Chunk have no reservation but rather  40-acre family allotments, as well as land held by the tribe, after 7 forcible removals. Members of the Ho-Chunk Nation are concentrated around WI cities like Black River Falls and Tomah though also across the Mississippi in Red Wing, MN and others in the Twin Cities, where there is a Ho-Chunk administrative office.